Once children develop good subitizing skills with the numbers 1-5, we can invite the children to play with math concepts and develop increased fluidity with the numbers 1-5.

## The 5 Frame

Materials needed: One 5 Frame and Cards pdf (the 5 Frames printable is a separate download above), scissors, and Wikki Stix.

Prior to the activity: Invite the children to create balls or spirals from strands of Wikki Stix to serve as counters for the 5 frame activities.

Cut the individual 5 Frames apart and set out on a tray or table along with the Wikki Stix. Invite the children to cut out the number cards 1-5 and place them face down in a pile. Have the children draw a card and place the corresponding number of Wikki Stix created balls within the 5 Frame.

Story problems: To develop mental math, use everyday story problems with the children based on the anchors of 5 and 10. For example: Robert had 5 markers on the table. Stacie took 4 of them. How many markers did Robert have left? Invite the children to think of their own stories (story problems) based on the anchors of 5 and 10. The children can then use Wikki Stix and pony beads to create the number sentence for their story problems (see photo below for an example).

## The 10 Frame

When children are able to manipulate the numbers 1-5 with consistency, combine two 5 Frames to help the children visualize the number 10 anchor.
The problem below (ex: 10-5=5) is very familiar to children who have good subitizing skills and 5 Frame awareness!

The same problem can be viewed in this manner (10-5=5).

When young children thoroughly understand 5 Frames and have good subitizing skills, they will
be able to solve the problem even if it looks different within the 10 Frame.